Opto Diode logo. Covering Deep UV to Mid-IR
Components to Custom Solutions, Covering Deep UV to Mid-IR
ISO 9001:2008
Components in (IR) Systems:

Most infrared (IR) systems consist of three major components:
  • a source of energy (S),
  • a detector (D) and
  • an optical system (T) which controls the energy transfer from source to detector.
Each of these components is, among other things, a function of wavelength (l), and the overall conversion of useful energy (E) through the system can thus be expressed as:  E=Kf∆λSλ●Tλ●Dλ●dλ where K is a constant.

The ultimate purpose of most IR systems is to detect source emission in the presence of background or unwanted radiation. This can usually be achieved through:
  1. spectral discrimination,
  2. spatial discrimination,
  3. temporal discrimination, or
  4. any combination of these.
To an IR system designer, it is, therefore, of paramount importance to fully understand, characterize and specify each major component of the system (including the background) by their wavelength and temperature characteristics, size and performance variation with time and/or frequency.